Image: via Daily Telegraph 8 June 2016

Are frigates for the faint-hearted only?

We recently came across this article and it got us thinking: do the pros of owning frigates outweigh the pros of owning submarines? No matter the naval circles you might move in, it will always be a hotly contested argument. No matter their means of propulsive energy, submarines are a strategic deterrent. Certain missions will,
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Ambient Noise: the discriminator in ASW success?

Intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance (ISR)¬†activities are standing agenda items for a nation’s military and naval forces. Their conduct is a core, enabling, and ‘business as usual’ function. Data and information collection, from all sources, is critical for the planning and conduct of military and naval operations. Intelligence may be argued¬†as the ‘making sense of’ a
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The improved Kilo: making ASW more challenging

Modern submarines are quiet. Very quiet. Especially diesel-electric propelled submarines. That makes them hard to find. Very hard. Like black holes, modern submarines can often be detected indirectly; that is not by direct observation, but detecting their interactions with their underwater environment. A surface ship searching for a submarine needs to balance its need to
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Culture, Tactics and Littoral Warfare

Beadwindow, for some time, has preferred to define the littoral as a place with ‘dirty spectrum’, ‘dirty water’ and high probability or incidence of encountering ‘white’ shipping and aircraft. Weapon ranges become irrelevant due to the challenges of traffic, topography, acoustic and electronic propagation. A warship needs to ‘fight for the tactical picture’ to simply
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Anti-submarine warfare’s decline: preventable and/or curable?

Effective and sustainable anti-submarine warfare is an enduring problem absolutely unconstrained to the NATO hemisphere. Operational and tactical initiative rests with the submarine for as long as surface fleets choose to ignore this core, and enabling, warfare discipline. Paper innovation, poor resourcing, and rationalising away Red Team victories will see a Navy come unstuck in
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